Belum caves, India’s largest limestone cave system, carved by the relentless flow of river water over millions of years, offer a mesmerizing journey into the depths of geological history.
It is located in the dry hot Rayalaseema region of Andhra Pradesh.
This natural cave was formed due to erosion in limestone deposits in the Chitravathi river bed, a million years ago due to carbonic acid between the ground river water and the limestone bed. The underground chambers, where time seems to stand still and nature’s artistry is on full display.
These caves also hold historical significance many indications of Buddhist relics found and collected by the ASI trace back to the Pre-Buddhism era, and currently, the relics are housed in the Anantapur Museum.
Even though the Belum caves were known to the locals, per records these caves which first mentioned in an expedition report of the famous British Geologist and archaeologist- Robert Bruce Foote in 1884. Further, these caves were unnoticed for almost a century until 1982-83 by the German expedition team with the help of locals.
Belum Caves, with their awe-inspiring formations, rich history, and unique ecosystem, offer an unforgettable journey into the heart of India’s subterranean world. Whether you’re a nature enthusiast, history buff, or adventure seeker, these caves have something remarkable to offer. Prepare to be mesmerized as you embark on an unforgettable expedition into the enigmatic depths of Belum Caves.